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Samordningen av sociala trygghetssystemen inom europeiska unionen

Samordningen bygger på direktiven 883/2004 och 987/2009 och trädde ikraft 1 maj 2010.

13 december 2016 föreslog Kommissionen en genomgång av samordningen i syfte att föreslå relevanta uppdateringar, i skrivande stund diskuteras detta fortfarande av medlemsstaterna.

Europeiska unionen består för tillfället av 28 suveräna nationalstater. Dessa har utformat helt egna sociala skyddsnät och några medlemsländer har ett mer generöst skyddsnät än andra. Skyddsnätet fungera i samtliga medlemsländer som en försäkring där man direkt eller indirekt bidrar med en försäkringspremie för att ha rätt till förmåner. Förmånerna kan delas in i två typer. Några förmåner är ett grundskydd som är lika för alla oavsett hur mycket man bridrar med och andra förmåner beror på hur länge och hur mycket man har bidragit till systemet.

Nedan text och beskrivningar är klippt ur kommissionens officiella information samt Spansk implementering och särregler.

Vidare text är den officiella engelska översättningen, direktiv 883/2004 finns på svenska i nästedokument.

The EU provides common rules to protect your social security rights when moving within Europe (EU 28 + Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway and Switzerland). The rules on social security coordination do not replace national systems with a single European one. All countries are free to decide who is to be insured under their legislation, which benefits are granted and under what conditions.

Who do these rules apply to?

•Nationals of the EU, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway or Switzerland who are or have been insured in one of these countries, and their family members.

•Stateless persons or refugees residing in the EU, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway or Switzerland, who are or have been insured in one of these countries, and their family members.

•Nationals of non-EU countries, legally residing in the territory of the EU, who have moved between these countries, and their family members.

The four main principles

1.You are covered by the legislation of one country at a time so you only pay contributions in one country. The decision on which country’s legislation applies to you will be made by the social security institutions. You cannot choose.Find out which rules apply to you

2.You have the same rights and obligations as the nationals of the country where you are covered. This is known as the principle of equal treatment or non-discrimination.

3.When you claim a benefit, your previous periods of insurance, work or residence in other countries are taken into account if necessary.

4.If you are entitled to a cash benefit from one country, you may generally receive it even if you are living in a different country. This is known as the principle of exportability.

Spain (updated 2018)

Sometime in your life you may be in need of the support provided by social security benefits. If you are living in the country where you were born and satisfy the qualifying conditions, you will be entitled to receive support. But you also have the right to receive benefits if you are a national of any EU country and move to another part of the EU. The information below sets out when you are eligible for benefits, what you are entitled to and how to go about claiming it.


Help for parents of children affected by cancer or another serious illness, Maternity, paternity, risk during pregnancy and breastfeeding

Other family allowances

Spain Healthcare

When can you apply for these?

In Spain, people “insured” under the Sistema Nacional de la Seguridad Social (National Social Security System) and their beneficiaries are entitled to healthcare:

•Insured: you can receive healthcare if you work and are registered with Social Security, as well as if you are a pensioner or unemployed perceiving unemployment benefits or allowances and are resident in Spain.

•Beneficiaries: you can receive healthcare if you are a relative of an insured person, are resident in Spain and fulfil certain requirements (see below).Some categories of Spanish emigrants and some of their family members can receive healthcare even though they are not covered by any social protection system. They have this right when they return temporarily or permanently to Spain.

Foreigners who are not legally resident in Spain may receive healthcare in cases of emergency, pregnancy, birth and postnatal care. Only foreign minors will receive the same healthcare as Spanish people.
Persons who cannot have the insured status because they do not meet the required conditions, can however access public healthcare through a voluntary insurance with the Autonomous Community competent authorities.

What requirements must you meet?

Insured: in order to qualify as “insured” and be entitled to healthcare in Spain, you should fall into one of the following categories:

•Be employed or self-employed and be affiliated and a contributor to the Spanish Social Security System. You can also be assured if you are a pensioner, a beneficiary of any regular social security benefit or unemployed, having exhausted the unemployment benefits or allowances, and reside in Spain.

•If you are a legally permanent resident (irrespective of your nationality), you can also be insured if you do not have other health coverage.

•Minors subject to administrative supervision may also be listed as insured.

Beneficiaries: some family members of insured people can also request healthcare, provided they are:

•Spouse or partner of the insured person (or the former partner if in charge of the insured).

•Son/daughter under 26 years of age or over 26 with a degree of disability of at least 65%.

•Brother/sister of the insured person. If you fall into one of these categories, you may qualify as a beneficiary and have the same entitlement to healthcare as an insured person, provided you meet the following requirements:

•Reside legally in Spain.

•Live with the insured person (except if you are legally separated or divorced).

•Are in charge of the insured (unless you are spouse or partner).

•For the sons/daughters and brothers/sisters of the insured, not perceiving higher incomes than twice the IPREM (Public Indicator of Multiple Effect Income).

•What are you entitled to and how can you apply for it?

•If you are insured or a beneficiary, you will be entitled to receive healthcare in Spain, which includes:

Medical care

In public or private health centers and hospitals, or at home in the case of elderly people or people with disabilities, for example.

EmergenciesIf you need emergency care, you may be attended in any medical center and be admitted to hospital if necessary. In the event you need an ambulance, you will also be covered by the Spanish system.


If you need rehabilitation and have a medical prescription, the national system will cover your costs.